MARIA THERESA 1780 Thaler Commemorative Collectors Coin
The Maria Theresa thaler is a silver bullion coin that has been minted continuously since 1741. Note that all Maria Theresa thalers minted after 1780 bear the date ‘1780’. Probably between 400 to 800 million thalers have been minted since it was introduced and is still being made by the Austrian Mint today.
The coin is named after the Empress Maria Theresa (1717-1780) who was ruler of Austria, Hungary and Bohemia between 1740 and 1780.
The thaler is between 39.5 and 41 mm in diameter. 2.5 mm thick it weighs 28.0668 grams and contains 23.3890 grams (0.752 troy ounces) of fine silver. It has a silver content of .833, the rest being copper.
The obverse shows Marie Theresa with the inscription “M. THERESIA D. G. R. IMP. HU. BO. REG.” which means Maria Theresia Die Gratia (by the grace of God), Romanorum Imperatrix (Empress of the Romans), Hungariae Bohemiaeque Regina (Queen of Hungary and Bohemia).
The reverse continues the grand title of Maria Theresa: Archid Aust (Archduchess of Austria), Dux Burgundiae (Duchess of Burgundy), Comes Tyrolis (Countess of Tyrol).
The ‘X’ was added in 1750 and is know as a saltire (the Saint Andrew’s Cross, a heraldic symbol) which indicated the debased standard of the thaler (it changed from 9 to 10 thalers to the Vienna Mark).
The edge is engraved with the the motto of her reign “Justitia et Clementia” which means “Justice and Clemency”.
Silver coin in case tarnished: Sealed as received new in plastic Perspex box. The box shows signs of knocks, broken corner and scratches but the coin is as purchased condition. The 1780 Maria Theresa Silver Trade Coin is a non-currency coin that was created in 1780 from Austria.
SKU MA249 148 sb